Gods and Goddesses of Africa
Creator god of the Efik people in Nigeria. Following his wife Atais instructions he made the first
man and woman and placed them on earth with the order not to work or have any children. When, eventually, they broke the order
Atai killed the man and woman and created strife and fighting between their children.
According to Dinka mythology, Abuk is the first woman. She is the patron of women and gardens, and
her symbol is a small snake.
God of the Lugbara people. Adroa has two aspects: one good and one evil. The creator of Heaven and
Earth. He appears to those about to die. Adroa is depicted as a tall, white man with only half a body - one eye, one arm,
one leg, one ear.
The children of Lugbara god Adroa . They dwell near large trees, rocks and streams. The Adroanzi
are fond of following people at night. If the person does not look back, they will be safe. If the person does look back,
the Adroanzi will kill them.
Dahomey god of the wilderness and animals. Often worshipped by hunters.
The mother of the sea. Affectionate and nurturing to humans who honor her.
Goddess of yams and the women who care for them. Worshipped by the Ibo tribe of Nigeria.
Forest Goddess of the Yoruba people. Teaches the use of medicinal herbs.
of the Lotuko tribe of Sudan. Has the power to raise the dead, but due to a bad experience vowed never to do so again.
Trickster god of the Ashanti people. Created the sun and moon, and instituted the succession of
night and day. He is the intermediary for the god of the sky Nyame. He brings rain to stop the forest fires and is in charge
of the extent of floods. He taught man to sow grain and till the fields. His mother is Asase Ya.
Sky and moon god of the Pygmies of Zaire. He created the first man from clay and brought him to
life. He is referred to as afa or father.
Asa God of the Akamba people of Kenya. A strong yet merciful lord and
god of sustenance and consolation. He helps when humans can't. Asa is also known as Mwatuangi, "distributor", Mulungu, "creator",
and Mumbi, "fashioner".
Ngbandi people of Zaires' god of fresh waters.
Ancestral deity of the Congo.
West African sky god.
Creator god of the Boshongo of Zaire, who vomited up the sun, earth, and all
living creatures including man.
Supreme god of the Isoko of Nigeria. Considered too remote from people to be worshipped.
Rain god of the Tumbuka, considered the supreme god of the tribe.
Supreme god of the Ibo peoples, all good comes from him. The creator god, he also brings the rains
which make the plants grow. His wife is Ala and his symbol is the sun.
Great serpent god of the Fon peoples in Dahomey. He is the son of the supreme god Mawu. He supports
creation with his giant coils, 3,500 above the earth and 3,500 below.
Creator, rain, fertility, and sky god of the Dinka tribe. His mother is the goddess Abuk.
Kurumba god of rain, water and wind. He gave the first seeds for food plants to man.
Songhai god of thunder.
Creator Goddess of the Shona people in Zimbabwe. Generally benevolent, but also has a terrible aspect.
An aspect of the Yoruban Goddess of divination.
Goddess of the family and guardian of destiny.
Rain god of the Maasai of East Africa. En-kai, a remote deity, is Parsai, "the one who is worshipped",
and Emayian, "the one who blesses".
An earth Goddess. Wife of the sky god, Ebore.
Yoruba god of beginnings, doorways and crossroads. He rules the opportunity and potentiality of
a situation, and the risks and rewards inherent in it. also known as Exu (Brazil), Eleggua (Cuba),and Esu (West Africa), is
the owner of every road of life.
Sky and water god of the Bambara people. He became pregnant by the rocking of the universe, and
he gave birth to various twins, the ancestors of the human race. Faro gives water to all living creatures, and taught mankind
the use of words, tools, agriculture, and fishing. The omni-present spirits serve as his messengers and representatives. He
is continually reorganizing the cosmos. Returns to earth every 400 years to verify that everything is still in order.
The bushmen call him Gauna and among the Khoikhoi he is known as Gaunab. God of fate and the master
of life and death. The supreme deity of the Haukoin people of southern Africa. He shoots arrows from the high heavens at Earth,
and those who are hit must die.
Goddess of fate among the Fon people. Gbadu is the daughter of Mawu the supreme goddess of the Fon.
Fon god of iron and war. He is a son of Mawu and Lisa, and the twin of Xevioso.
The Khoikhoi god of evil.
One of the principal deities of the Nupe of Northern Nigeria.
Khoikhoi god of the hunt. He has cycles of death and rebirth.
A Xhosa tree spirit.
Supreme god of the Bushmen.
Creator God of the Banyarwanda people.
Creator god of the Alur tribesmen of Uganda and Zaire. He is also known as Jok Odudu, "god of birth".
Creator god of the African Bushmen. He is the maker of all things and is responsible for all natural
phenomenon. He is part of all things but especially the mantis and caterpillar.
Protector of men and god of death and the afterlife among the Baule Negroes of the Ivory Coast.
He is present at all funerals and guides the departeds soul to the afterlife. His representation is a buffalo mask which women
may not see. The punishment for breaking this taboo is death.
Originally the ancestral god of the Lunda people of Angola, Zaire and Zambia. Later he became the
supreme being, a god of the sky and of creation. He is all-knowing and all-seeing, and a righteous judge of the dead whose
decisions are characterized by wisdom and compassion. He is also the god of the sea, where the dead dwell.
Hunter god of the Pygmies. The creator of mankind and the jungles. He is responsible for assuring
that the sun will rise each day. He carries a bow made of two snakes that appears to be a rainbow to men.
He is a Yoruba god of destiny. The first to be invoked since he holds the key to the gate separating
the realms of the gods from those of man. He appears as a poorly dressed old man but is very strong. He is known for his intelligence,
cunning and knowledge of all the languages of man. He is a trickster.
The creator god of the Central African people. He is the supreme god and gave the people their customs.
He is also a sky god, responsible for rain, thunder, and wind.
Fon god of the sun, sky and power. Husband of Mawu.
African deity of the water and of excess, she is seen as both a mermaid and a beautiful woman walking
the streets of modern Africa. Mami Wata is described as having long dark hair, very fair skin and compelling eyes. She loves
all things expensive, modern and beautiful. Mami Wata's colors are red and white.
Omnipotent creator god of the Mundang people of the Congo.
Mawu Supreme deity of
the Fon people. She created the universe. Her husband is Lisa.
Mbaba Mwana Waresa
Goddess of the Zulu people, who gave mankind the gift of beer.
Creator god and ancestral deity of the Mongo people. He is master of life and death. The sun, moon,
and man are his children. He is also known as Nzakomba.
Shongon god of hunters, who taught mankind how to make nets.
Sky god of the Bambusi people of Zaire. Associated with the moon.
Bazabi god of water. He is the son of Wamara.
The ancestral god and creator god of the Herero bushmen of Namibia. He shows his compassion by providing
the rain, caring for the elderly, and healing the sick.
The creator god in eastern Africa, from Kamba people in the north to the Zambesi people in the south.
Many peoples, such as the Nyamwezi of Tanzania, worship him as a sky god whose voice is thunder.
Goddess of discord and disorder among the Bambara people. She is the daughter of the Voice of the
Void, and wife of Pemba.
Supreme god of the Fon tribe. He is the father of the twins Lisa and Mawu.
Earth Goddess of the Masai.
Supreme god of the Dinka. God of the sky and rain.
Supreme god of the Fan people of the Congo
Supreme deity of the Ekoi and Ibibio of the Niger Delta.
One of the major deities of the Yoruba people. With his brother Odudua he forms the primordial pair
of gods. He is the creator of the human body in which his father Olorun breathes the soul. He is the sky-god and god of the
North, and the first Orisha to be created. He helped to create humans.
Yoruba god of the South. Brother Obatala. He is a son of Olokun and Olorun.
God of divination of the Benin people.
The rainbow serpent of the Yoruba people. The counterpart of the Dahomean Aido-hwedo.
The creator deity of the Ovambo people.
Supreme god of the Xhosa people of South Africa, a people of the Transkei. Quamta is worshipped
at stone mounds to which one stone is added by each worshipper.
Supreme god of the Baventa of Transvaal in S. Africa.
Baziba god of cattle. He is the son of Wamara.
Angry god of the Yoruba, who inflicts man with pox and madness.
Shango God of thunder
and ancestor of the Yoruba. He is often depicted with a double axe on his head (symbol of thunder) and six eyes. His symbol
is the ram and his colors are red and white. Shango (Xango) has three wives: Oya, who stole Shango's secrets of magic; Oschun,
the river goddess who is Shango's favorite because of her culinary abilities; and Oba, who tried to win his love by offering
her ear for him to eat. His symbolic animal is the ram.
Wood god of the Pygmies of Zaire. He is patron of the hunt and lord of the animals. He manifests
as storms and hides in the rainbow.
Khoikhoi god of rain, thunder and sorcerers.
Creator god of the Zulu. He manifests as thunder and earthquakes.
god of the Basari of Togo.
Supreme god of the Kavirondo (Vugusu) in Kenya. Manifests as two personalities: Omuwanga, the gentle
'white' god and Gumali the 'black' god of misfortune. He first created the heavens, the sun and the moon, and the other celestial
bodies. Finally he created the earth and mankind.
Woto Shongo god of fire.
The Thunder pantheon of Dahomey. This is the So (the deity of Thunder) of Xevie, a small settlement
in southern Dahomey, where the principal shrines of the Thunder gods are located.
African god of creation.
Yoruba deity of the wind.
Mother Goddess of the Yoruba. Goddess of birth and fertility, and worshipped primarily by women.
She is the daughter of Obatala, and her brother is Aganya.
Gods and Goddesses of the Egyptians
God of the earth and the dead. Guards the place where the eastern and western
horizons meet, as well as the gate through which the pharaoh enters the underworld. Depicted as a strip of land with both
ends forming the heads of a lion or human, or two lions facing in opposite directions.
Goddess of the sea.
Mother Goddess and personification of the life-giving northern wind. Pictures as a snake or snake-head
wearing the crown of lower Egypt.
Goddess who welcomed the spirits of the newly dead at the gates of the underworld
with bread and water.
Originally a god of wind and ruler of the air, became the all-powerful sun deity of Thebes and then
supreme ruler of the gods.
Combination of gods Amun and Re or Ra, used as the name of Amun when he became the national god
of Thebes and Egypt.
God of the underworld, responsible for the rebirth of souls in the afterlife.
Warrior and hunter god. Personified the royal warriors.
Spear-carrying Goddess of war.
Elder Goddess of war. Pictured with bow and arrows.
Guardian deity and god of ferrymen.
God of the dead and embalming, and protector of cemetaries and burial tombs. He holds the scales
which weigh the hearts of the dead; if the heart is light, the soul will be taken to Osiris. If the heart is heavy, it will
be destroyed. Pictured as a man with the head of a jackal or dog.
Goddess of the Nile river and nourisher of the fields. Pictured with a crown of reeds and ostrich
God of chaos, darkness and evil. He battles with the sun god Re">Re to keep the sun from returning
to the world on its nightly journey through the underworld.
Bull god and sacred bull of Memphis.
Benign god of Egyptian Nubia and a companion of Isis. Seen as a lion or a man wearing a plumed crown.
God of the sun and name of the visible solar disc. Aten was, for a time, the
only god of Egypt during the reign of Akanaten, but the land returned to polytheism on the pharaoh's death. Pictured as a
solar disc with rays that end in human hands, holding the ankh.
Primordial sun god and creator of the world. He is the evening or setting sun.
Ram god and a god of fertility. Invoked by women in the hopes that he would help them conceive.
Demonic god said to live on human entrails. He helped to devour the hearts of those deemed unworthy
in the ceremony of the weighing of the heart.
Ram god of lower Egypt. Pictured as a man with a ram's head.
Cat headed Goddess of Egypt. A solar and later lunar deity.
Cow Goddess of fertility. Pictured as a cow or as a woman with the ears and horns of a cow.
dwarf god. Said to guard households against evil spirits and misfortune. Also
a god of joviality, dancing, singing and happiness.
Female version of the god Bes.
Snake Goddess of the oracle at Buto and protector of the Egyptian royal family.
Falcon or crocodile god.
Falcon god of law and order.
Ferryman of the dead and protector of the pharaoh's tomb. Pictured as a ram or a man with a ram's
Ram god who makes the Nile delta fertile and suitable for agriculture.
God of the moon and the master of time.
God of the dead and the land of the west. Seen as a dog or dog's head with horns.
God of wealth and incense. Pictured as a man or a lion.
God of toiletry.
Guardian of the east and a funerary god. He protected the stomach of the deceased.
Council of the gods, specifically those of the Osiris pantheon.
God of the sky. He represents the limitless expanse of the sky, and is pictured
with his arms spread wide to support it.
Personification of the Nile River. Pictured as a fat man to signify abundance.
Also, a funerary god and son of Horus. Protected the lungs of the deceased.
Form of the god Horus. Protector of the dead.
as a child. Invoked to ward off dangerous creatures. Known as Harpocrates by the Greeks.
One of the main Goddesses of Egypt, Hathor is the celestial cow and protector
of women and the Queen of Egypt. She is the Goddess of love, children, pregnancy, dancing, singing, and poetry. She has been
associated with many other Goddesses, including Sekhmet, Bastet, Beb, and Isis. Often pictures as a cow with the sun disk
between it's horns or as a woman wearing a disc and horns headdress.
Goddess of immeasurable infinity. Often pictured as a frog or a woman with a
One of the gods who represented infinity. Pictured as a frog or a man with the head of a frog.
Goddess of childbirth and protector of the dead. Seen as a frog or a woman with
the head of a frog.
Goddess of fate.
Cow Goddess and Goddess of milk.
God of supernatural powers. Doctors were called priests of Hike because they
invoked the deity during their work.
Name for a number of gods, all of which invoke the sun, kingship and victory.
Horus in his many forms was a protector and warrior god, and the sun and moon were considered his eyes. He was often pictures
as a hawk or hawk-headed man.
God of the sistrum, a sacred rattle.
Son of Hathor. A god of music and dancing. Pictured as a child holding a sistrum,
or sacred rattle.
Protective deity of the underworld.
One of the four protective deities of embalming. Protected the liver of the
Deity who bears the heavens.
Goddess of childbirth and 'mother of the two lands'. Pictured as a hippopotamus.
One of the most popular goddesses of Egypt. The divine queen and mother of the heavens, both sister
and wife to Osiris and mother of Horus. She was the protector and mother-figure of the pharaohs and the protector of women,
children and sailors.
God of the moon.
Primordial who rules the darkness of primal chaos.
Goddess who represents purification through water. A major Goddess of the funeral cult, she is pictured
as a snake.
One of the four gods of embalming. Protector of the lower viscera of the deceased.
Black bull god.
God of fertility, agriculture and human reproduction. Pictured as a mummy.
Ancient jackal-headed god of the dead. Later recognized as Osiris.
God who rules the destiny of the dead. Called the 'dog of the dead'.
Scarab beetle god. Said to roll the sun across the horizon in the same way that
scarab beetles roll balls of dung through the desert. Symbolized rebirth, renewal and everlasting life. Seen as a beetle,
man with the face of a beetle, or man with a beetle on his head.
God who created the bodies of the gods and men on his potter's wheel. Pictured
as a ram-headed man.
God of the darkness of primal chaos. With Kauket, produces the twilight at the
end of the day.
God of punishment for transgressions. Invoked to protect the innocent. Seen as a lion or lion-headed
man with a knife.
Goddess of truth, judgment and order. She represented the concepts of justice
and universal order, and all judges were her representatives. Pictured as a woman with a large ostrich feather in her crown.
God of the summer heat an called 'Lord of the Massacre'. Pictured as a lion
or man with a lion's head.
Sky-Goddess. Represents the time of morning and the
waters from which Re
(the sun) emerged. Seen as a giant cow with the solar disk between her horns.
Goddess of war. Seen as a lioness.
God of war. Pictured as a man with a falcon's head.
Goddess of song and rejoicing.
Goddess of the mountain overlooking the Valley of the Kings. Protected the royal tombs from disturbance.
Seen as a cobra or a scorpion with the head of a woman.
Egyptian Goddess of childbirth. She forms the child in the womb and the ka, or spirit, of the child.
Also seen as Goddess of fate or fortune.
Meskhenet Goddess of midwives and the birth chamber.
God of fertility, vegetation and male virility. Often evoked at the coronation of the pharaoh to
ensure his sexual prowess and production of a male heir. Seen as a man holding a flail in his right hand and his erect penis
in his left.
Sacred black bull of the sun. Worshipped for his fertility and oracles. Pictured
with the solar disk between his horns.
Primordial Goddess of the sky and the 'mother of mothers'. Seen as a vulture
or a woman with the head of a vulture, wearing bright red or blue robes.
Goddess of the primordial abyss of the underworld. Her male counterpart is Nun.
God of the lotus and the rising sun. Pictured as a man with a cluster of lotus
blossoms on his head, sometimes on the back of a lion.
Serpent god who guards the entrance of the Underworld and accompanies the sun god Re on his nightly
journey through it. Seen as a snake with human arms and legs.
Goddess of war and weapons, including the weapons of the hunter. Also the Goddess
of weaving, she provided the wrappings for the mummies' bodies.
Vulture Goddess of Upper Egypt and protector of the infant pharaoh. She was
present at the birth of the future rulers of Egypt. Pictured on the pharaoh's crown.
God of grain, particularly barley and wheat.
'Mistress of the House". Goddess who meets and teaches the newly dead, as well as comforting the
members of their family left alive. Also involved with childbirth. Seen as a woman or a Kite (bird).
Grain Goddess. Female counterpart of the God Neper.
God and primeval water that circles the entire world. The most ancient of gods, even Re, the sun,
arose from him. Depicted as a man holding the solar boat above his head.
Goddess of the ocean.
The sky Goddess, and literal personification of the sky and the heavens. Along with her husband,
Seb, forms the natural world. She is the barrier between chaos and the order of the world. Portrayed as a naked woman painted
dark blue with stars on her body.
Important god of Egypt. Seen as the god of the dead and the underworld, although
worshipped as a god of fertility, resurrection and vegetation. Married to the sky-Goddess Isis. Killed by his brother Set
and chopped into pieces. The pieces were found by Isis and reformed, and he was mummified and resurrected. Re, the father
god, did not allow him to stay in the land of the living, but sent him to the Underworld to be the god and judge of the dead.
Seen as a mummified man.
Goddess of the desert.
God of retaliation and revenge.
A creator god of Memphis, seen as a patron to craftsmen and especially stoneworkers.
Pictured as a mummified man with only his hands free to grasp a scepter.
Originally a Syrian Goddess, worshipped in Egypt as a Goddess of love. Possible
connection with Hathor.
The most important of the gods in Egypt. The personification of the sun. The
actual sun was said to be either his body or his eye. He traveled in the sun boat across the sky each day, and through the
Underworld at night to make a complete circuit of the cosmos. Sacred god of the pharaohs, who were said to be 'sons of Re'.
Pictured as a man with the head of a falcon.
Goddess of plenty and good fortune.
Goddess of the harvest. Could ensure the plentiful production of fields with
one look. Pictured as a snake.
Goddess of Spring and youth.
Deity of destiny.
Also known as Sekhmet. Bloodthirsty and violent Goddess of war and divine vengeance.
She is seen as the Goddess who accompanies the pharaoh into battle, as well as the Goddess of plague and disease. Pictured
as a woman with the head of a lioness.
Goddess of the flooding Nile and fertility.
God of the Earth, and husband of Nut. One of the primordial forces of nature,
Seb is seen as personifying the earth and fertility. He was pictured as black and green, the colors of Nile mud and vegetation.
Thought to imprison the souls of the wicked so that they could not ascend to Heaven.
Crocodile god, he represented the fertility of the Nile and the might of the pharaohs. Seen as a
crocodile or man with a crocodile's head.
Funerary god, the patron of craftsmen who create tombs and items used in funeral services. Sometimes
seen as a form of Osiris. Pictured as a man with the head of a hawk.
God of war.
Scorpion Goddess. Teacher of the dead and protector of the canopic jars which house the bodily organs
of mummies. Pictured as a woman with a scorpion-shaped headdress.
Goddess of writing, mathematics, building-schemes, histories and historical records. A daughter
of Thoth, she kept the royal annals of the pharaohs.
God of oil and wine pressing.
God of chaos, hostility and possibly evil. He was a protector of the desert, but caused dust storms
that could kill unwary travelers. Killed his brother Osiris and scattered the pieces of his body throughout Egypt. Later fought
Osiris' son Horus, who vanquished him and became king of the Gods. Seen as a man with a head of indeterminable origin, possibly
an aardvark, or as a dog.
Goddess of Fate, usually seen with Reneret, or fortune.
God of air. Father of Nut, whom he holds high above Seb(earth).
Primeval Goddess embodying the Mind.
Sons of Horus
Sons of the god Horus who assist the dead in their journey to the Underworld. Their heads are on
the canopic jars and the four corners of the sarcophagus. They are Imset, Hapi, Duamutef and Kebechsenef.
Fertility Goddess and the Dog Star, Sirius. With the appearance of Sirius, the Nile floods began
and Sopdet became associated with the fertility of the floods. She was later merged with Isis.
Goddess of pregnancy and birth. Pictured as a hippopotamus with a huge belly standing on her hind
Vegetation god and the mound of earth which rose from the primordial waters.
Seen as a man with ram's horns and a crown of feathers. Identified with Ptah.
God of good fortune and childbirth. Seen as a hippopotamus with a crocodile's
head and lion's feet. Protector of women before, during and after childbirth.
Goddess of moisture. Produced Seb and Nut with Shu.
Goddess of beer.
God of wisdom and the mind, inventor of writing and patron of scribes and scholars.
Messenger and mediator of the gods, he questioned the dead at the Weighing of the Heart. Seen as a man with the head of an
Ibis, or as an Ibis or baboon.
Name of Osiris in his capacity as Judge of the Dead.
God of the openings and the dead. He opened the way into battle, and opened
the way for the dead into the Underworld. Seen as a jackal.
Wosyet Goddess protector of the young.