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Mayan & Mesopotamian Gods And Goddesses

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Mayan Gods and Goddesses
 
 
Acan
God of Wine.
 
Acat
God of tattooers.
 
Ah Bolom Tzacab
God of agriculture and the lord of the rain and thunder. Portrayed with a leaf in his nose. Also known as 'God K'.
 
Ah Cancum
God of hunting.
 
Ah Chun Caan
Teaching god of the city of Merida.
 
Ah Chuy Kak
War god.
 
Ah Ciliz
God of solar eclipses.
 
Ah Cun Can
A war god known as the Serpent Charmer.
 
Ah Cuxtal
God of birth.
 
Ah Hulneb
War god.
 
Ah Kin
Sun god and the controller of drought and disease.
 
Ah Kumix Uinicob
Attendant water gods.
 
Ah Mun
God of maize or corn.
 
Ah Muzencab
Gods of bees.
 
Ah Peku
God of thunder.
 
Ah Puch
God of death and ruler of Mitnal, the lowest and most terrible of the nine hells. Portrayed as a man with an owl's head or as a skeleton or bloated corpse. Also known as 'God A'.
 
Ah Tabai
A god of hunting.
 
Ah Uincir Dz'acab
God of healing.
 
Ah Uuc Ticab
Deity of the underworld
 
Ahau-Kin
Called the 'lord of the sun face'. The god of the sun, he possessed two forms - one for the day and one at night. During the day he was a man with some jaguar features, but between sunset and sunrise he became the Jaguar God, a lord of the underworld who travelled from west to east through the lower regions.
 
Ahmakiq
God of agriculture who takes control of the wind when it threatens to destroy the crops.
 
Ahulane
A war god, known as the Archer.
 
Ajbit
One of thirteen deities who created human beings.
 
Akhushtal
Goddess of childbirth.
 
Alaghom Naom
Mother goddess of the Mayans. She is associated with the creation of the mind and of thought.
 
Alom
God of the sky and one of seven deities responsible for the creation of the world.
 
Bacabs
Giants who hold up the sky at the four cardinal points, they are: Cauac, Ix Kan and Mulac.
 
Backlum Chaam
God of male sexuality.
 
Balam Mayan
for 'jaguar', these deities are the protectors of individuals in their daily lives, and of the community from external menaces.
 
Bitol
One of the seven Mayan creator deities.
 
Bolontiku
A group of deities of the underworld.
 
Buluc Chabtan
God of war. He was the deity to whom humans were sacrificed. Also known as 'God F'.
 
Cabaguil
One of the deities who created the world. Known as the 'Heart of the Sky'.
 
Cakulha
Deiety of the lesser lightning bolts.
 
Camaxtli
God of Fate.
 
Camazotz
Bat-god, he was ultimately defeated by humans.
 
Caprakan
God of mountains and earthquakes.
 
Cauac
One of the four Bacabs, he is associated with the South and the color Red.
 
Chac
God of agriculture and rain. Later worshipped as one of the Bacabs, associated with the East. He is pictured with curling fangs, a long turned-up nose and tears streaming from his eyes.
 
Chac Uayab Xoc
God of fish. He had a dual nature - he provided a good catch for fishermen, but also devoured their drowned comrades.
 
Chamer
God of death, he was principally worshipped in Guatemala.
 
Chaob
Gods of the wind, associated with the cardinal directions.
 
Chibirias
Earth goddess.
 
Chiccan
Rain gods associated with the four cardinal directions. They create rain from the lakes in which they live.
 
Cit Bolon Tum
God of Medicine.
 
Cizin
God of death. He burns the dead in the Mayan underworld.
 
Colel Cab
Earth Goddess.
 
Colop U Uichkin
Sky God.
 
Coyopa
God of thunder.
 
Cum Hau
Death god.
 
Ekchuah
God of war, he was seen as firece and violent. He is also the god of merchants, and was often pictured carrying a bag of merchandise. Also known as 'God M'.
 
Ghanan
God of agriculture.
 
Gucumatz
Serpent god who brought civilization and agriculture to man.
 
Hacha'kyum
The Lacandon Maya god of real people. People who were not Lacandon Maya were not considered to be real.
 
Hun Came
Co-ruler of the Mayan Underworld.
 
Hun Hunahpu
A fertility god, he was so fertile that after being beheaded, his severed head was placed on a barren gourd which immediately began to bear fruit.
 
Hunab Ku
Supreme god and creator of the world. He was the chief deity of the Mayans.
 
Hurakan
Ancient god of wind and storm. He brings the displeasure of the gods to humans in the form of winds, storms and floods.
 
Itzamna
Founder of the Mayan culture and the state-god of the empire. He taught the people writing, heling and the use of the calendar. Also known as 'God D'.
 
Itzananohk`u
God of Lacandon.
 
Ix
One of the four Bacabs. He is associated with the West and the color black.
 
Ixchel
Earth and moon goddess, she is the patron of weaving and pregnant women. Pictured with a smanke as a headband and a skirt embroidered with crossbones.
 
Ixtab
Goddess of the noose and the gallows, she is the patron of those who died by suicide. She is pictured as a woman hanging from a tree by a noose, here eyes closed and her body partly decomposed.
 
Ixzaluoh
Water goddess who invented weaving.
 
Kan
One of the Bacabs, he is associated with the East and the color yellow.
 
Kan-u-Uayeyab
Guardian of the cities.
 
Kan-xib-yui
God who recreated the earth afte the Bacabs destroyed it.
 
Kianto
The Lacandon god of foreigners and diseases.
 
K'in
Sun god.
 
Kinich Ahau
Sun god portrayed as a firebird or phoenix. Similar to the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl.
 
Kukulcan
Supreme god, the master of the four elements and the god of resurrection and reincarnation. He is pictured as a feathered serpent, very similar to the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl.
 
Mulac
One of the Bacabs, he is associated with the North and the color white.
 
Naum
God of the mind and thought.
 
Nohochacyum
God of creation.
 
Tlacolotl
God of evil.
 
Tohil
Fire god.
 
Tzakol
Sky god.
 
Votan
of the drum.
 
Xaman Ek
God of the north star, he is the protector of merchants and travellers. Offerings were made to him on altars erected beside roads.
 
Yaluk
The most powerful of the lightning gods.
 
Yum Caax
God of maize and agriculture. He is the personification of male beauty. Also known as 'God E'.
 
Zotz
Bat-god of caves, he is the patron of the Zotzil Indians of Mexico.
 
 
 

 
Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses
 

Abgal 
Seven wise-men and the attending deities of the god Enki. 

Adrammelech 
Babylonian god (possibly of the sun) to whom babies were burned in sacrifice. 

Aja 
Babylonian sun goddess. 

Akkan 
Four Saami goddesses who overseeconception, birth and destiny. 

Alauwaimis 
Demon which drives away evil sickness. 

Ama-arhus 
Babylonian and Akkadian fertility goddess. 

Amurru 
Akkadian god of mountains and nomads. 

An 
Summerian god of heaven. 

Anatu 
Goddess of the earth and sky. 

Antu 
Summerian goddess of creation. Later replaced by Ishtar. 

Anu 
Summerian and Babylonian god of the sky, father of the gods and most powerful deity of the pantheon. 

Anunitu 
Babylonian goddess of the moon. She was later merged with Ishtar. 

Apsu 
Summerian and Akkadian god of the primordial sweet waters - as opposed to the primordial bitter waters of Chaos. 

Arazu 
Babylonian god of completed construction. 

Aruru 
Babylonian goddess of creation. 

Ashnan 
Summerian goddess of grain. 

Aya 
Goddess of dawn. 

Baal 
God of the sun and crop fertility, widely venerated throughout the Fertile Crescent and the Middle East. 

Baba 
Tutelary goddess of the kings of Sumer, and a goddess of motherhood and healing. 

Babbar 
Sumerian sun god. Equatedwith the Babylonian Shamash. 

Belet-Ili 
Summerian goddess of the womb. 

Beletseri 
Akkadian 'clerk' of the Underworld, who kept records of human activities so that she could advise on their final judgment after death. She is called Queen of the Desert. 

Dagon 
vegetation and fertility god. 

Damgalnunna 
Mother goddess. 

Dumuzi 
Summerian form of Tammuz, a god of vegetation, fertility and the Underworld. Possibly the husband of Inanna. 

Ea 
Summerian and Babylonian god of sweet waters, he is the patron of wisdom, magic and medical science. 

Ebeh 
Summerian mountain god. 

Ellil 
Akkadian form of the god Enlil. God of wind and earth. 

Enmesarra 
God of the underworld and the lord of mes - the power underlying society and civilization. 

Ennugi 
God of irrigation and canals. 

Ereshkigal 
Summerian and Akkadian goddess of the dead. She is dark and violent, and possibly was once a sky goddess. 

Erra 
God of war, death and other disasters. 

Gibil 
Summerian god of light and fire. 

Girru 
Akkadian god of light and fire. He is the messenger of the gods. 

Gula 
Summerian goddess of healing. 

Humbaba 
God of the cedar forest. 

Inanna 
The most important of the Summerian divinities, she is the goddess of love, fertility and war. Her symbol is the eight-pointed star. 

Irkalla 
See Ereshkigal. 

Isara 
Goddess of oaths and queen of judgment. 

Ishkhara 
Babylonian goddess of love. 

Ishkur 
Summerian god of storms and rain. 

Ishtar 
Violent Summerian and Babylonian goddess of love and fertility. She had a habit of attracting lovers and then killing or maiming them. 

Kaksisa 
God of the star Sirius. 

Ki 
Goddess of the earth. 

Kulitta 
Goddess of music. 

Kulla 
The Babylonian god who restores temples. 

Kusag 
God who is high priest of the gods, the patron od priests in Babylonia. 

Lahar 
Summerian god of cattle and sheep. 

Lamastu 
Demon who causes fever and childhood diseases. 

Mama 
Mother goddess. 

Mamitu 
Akkadian goddess of fate and judgment in the Underworld. 

Mammetu 
Babylonian goddess of fate and destiny. 

Marduk 
God of thunderstorms, fertility, and the supreme leader of the gods after defeating Tiamat. Later known as Bel or Baal. 

Martu 
God of destruction by storms and of the steppes. 

Mummu 
Summerian and Babylonian god of craftsmen and technical skill. 

Mylitta 
Babylonian and Assyrian goddess of fertility and childbirth. 

Nabu
 
Summerian and Babylonian god of knowledge, writing, and scribe of the gods. 

Nammu 
Summerian goddess of the sea. 

Namtar 
God of the Summerian underworld and the bringer of disease and pestilence to humans. 

Nanaja 
Summerian and Akkadian goddess of sex and war. 

Nanna 
Summerian god of the moon. Equivalent to Babylonian god Sin. 

Nanshe 
Goddess of fertility and water, she was the patron of dreams and prophecy. 

Nergal 
Evil god of the underworld who brings sickness, fear and war on mankind. He is the consort of the death-goddess Ereshkigal. 

Nidaba 
Summerian goddess of learning. 

Nin-agal 
God of smiths. 

Ninatta 
Goddess of music. 

Ninazu 
Babylonian god of magic incantations. 

Ninedinna 
Babylonian goddess of the books of the dead. 

Ningirsu 
Summerian and Babylonian god of rain, fertility and irrigation. 

Ningizzida 
God of healing and magic. Sometimes pictured as a serpent with a human head. 

Ninkarrak 
Goddess of healing. 

Ninkasi 
Summerian goddess of intoxicating drinks, and beer in particular. 

Ninlil 
Goddess of heaven and earth, known as the wind. 

Nintur 
Akkadian goddess of birth. 

Ninurta 
God of rain, fertility, thunderstorms, the plow, floods, wells, and the south wind. 

Nisaba 
Babylonian and Summerian goddess of grain and learning. 

Nusku 
Summerian god of light and fire. 

Papsukkel 
Minister and messenger of the Summerian gods. 

Rimmon 
Babylonian god of storms. 

Salbatanu 
God of the planet Mars. 

Samuqan 
God of cattle. 

Sataran 
Divine judge and healer. 

Shamash 
Summerian god of the sun, judge and law-giver of the people. He is the husband of Ishtar. 

Shulpae 
God of feasting. 

Shutu 
God of illness and the South Wind. 

Sibzianna 
Summerian god of the star Orion. 

Siduri 
Goddess of wine-making and brewing. 

Sin 
Summerian god of the moon, the calendar, and the fixed seasons. 

Sulpa'e 
God of fertility, wild animals and the planet Jupiter. 

Tammuz 
Akkadian vegetation god and the symbol of death and rebirth in nature. The 'corn king' of Wiccan worship. 

Tiamat 
Dragon-goddess of the primordial waters of Chaos, seen as a great salt sea. Also the enemy of the gods. 

Umunmutamku 
Babylonian deiety who presents offerings to the gods after they have been made by humans. 

Uttu 
Summerian spider-goddess of weaving and clothing. 

Zakar 
Babylonian god of dreams as messages from the gods.