Greek Gods and Goddesses
God of Rivers. Often shape-changed into a bull. He is pictured as a bull with the torso of a man and a beard,
or as an old, grey man with horns.
Custodian of the Winds. When directed by the Gods, he loosed the captured winds as breezes, gales, or other
forces decreed by the gods.
Aether God of the Pure Air which the Gods breathe, as opposed to the Aer breathed by mortals.
One of the fundamental deities of the cosmos; also called the soul from which all life emanates.
Queen of the Sea and wife of Poseidon. Mother of Triton and Rhode. Portrayed
as a queen, often in a chariot pulled by sea creatures with her hair covered by a net.
Mother of the Fates and the Goddess of Absolute Necessity or Destiny.
The God of Mutual Love. Said to punish those who did not return the love of others.
One of the Olympian Gods. Goddess of Love, Beauty and Sexual pleasure. She is
the protector of lovers and those in love. She is also the patroness of prostitutes. Often accompanied by the Graces. Born
from the foam of the sea where Cronus threw the genitals of his father Uranus after castrating him. She was married to Hephaestus
on Zeus's orders, but did not remain faithful. She bore a number of children: Harmonia with Ares, Hermaphrodite with Hermes,
Rhodos with Poseidon, Eros with Hermes or Ares, Priapus with Dionysus, and Aeneas with the mortal Anchises. Her metal is copper.
Her symbol is the scallop shell. Her animals are the dolphin and the goat. Her plants are the rose, myrtle, quince, rose campion
and water mint. Her birds are the dove, sparrow, goose an partridge. Her gems are emerald, and turquoise. Her festivals were
on: April 23; June 24; and July 19. Her day is Friday. Her perfumes are sandalwood, benzoin, rose, red sandalwood, and myrtle.
One of the Olympian Gods. God of Light, Poetry, Truth, the Arts, Healing and
Music. Son of Zeus and Leto. He was an exceptional archer and the God of Oracles. He drives a chariot bearing the sun across
the sky each day. Twin brother of the Goddess Artemis. His tree is the laurel, his animal the dolphin, and his bird the crow.
One of the Olympian Gods. God of War and Bloodshed. He was handsome, cruel and
vain, as well as cowardly. Often accompanied by Eris, the Goddess of Discord. Ares was not a god of honorable battle, but
a bloodthirsty lover of violence and strife. Worshipped primarily in Thracia. His animals were the vulture and the dog.
One of the Olympian Gods. Goddess of the Wild and Hunting, as well as Chastity and the Moon. She is the
daughter of Zeus and Leto. She is the lady of the wild things. She is the huntsman of the gods. She is the protector of the
young. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. Artemis dwells in the wild woods. She is a virgin, and protects her chastity
with severe punishment to mortals who may catch a glimpse of her body. She is an exceptionally good archer, and is also the
protector of childbirth and wild animals. Her tree is the cypress. Her twin brother is Apollo.
A God of Healing, who perfected the art learned from Chiron. Son of Apollo. His symbol is the snake.
Goddess of Justice.
One of the Olympian Gods. Goddess of Wisdom, Reason and Protective Force. A warrior goddess, Athena only
fought to protect her charges. She sprang full-grown from the head of her father Zeus after he swallowed Metis, her mother.
She was the protector and patroness of the city of Athens, which bears her name, as well as agriculture, cities in general
and the arts. A virgin goddess.
One of the Titans. Brother of Prometheus and Epimetheus. He led the battle against
Zeus. For his part, he was sentenced by Zeus to carry the world upon his back.
God of the Northern Wind.
One of the Muses. The Muse of epic poetry. She is often pictured with a writing
tablet or scroll in hand, crowned with gold.
The great void or emptiness from which all things emerged.
The Goddess of Flowers and the Spring.
One of the Muses. The Muse of history and chronicles. She is
often pictured with a scroll in hand and accompanied by a chest of books.
One of the Titans. God of Intelligence. He was the father of the goddess Leto.
God of banquets.
One of the Titans. Ruler of the Titans and God of the Sky and Time. He was removed from power by his son,
Zeus. Cronus was the father of the first Olympians.
Goddess of Agriculture, Grain and Fertility. She taught mortals to plow and sow seeds, thus ending their
nomadic existance. For this she is also known as the goddess of civilization. She is the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Her
daughter, Persephone, was abducted by Hades to be his bride. In her anger for the loss of her daughter, Demeter cursed the
world, allowing all of the living things of the earth to wither and die. She eventually found Persephone, but because the
girl had eaten three seeds of a pomegranate while in the Underworld, Zeus decreed that she should spend three months of the
year in the Underworld with Hades. Demeter only allows the living things of the world to grow when her daughter is with her,
thus the seasons.
God of Wine, Agriculture and Plays. He was a son of Zeus and the mortal woman
Semele. When Semele asked to see Zeus in his full glory she was burned to ashes, however Zeus managed to save their unborn
child and stitch him into his thigh until ready to be born. Thus Dionysus is known as the 'twice-born god'. He has a dual
nature: fun-loving and carefree on the one hand, yet violent and destructive on the other - much as those affected by alcohol
tend to act. His symbol is a bunch of grapes.
Goddess of peace. Daughter of Themis and Zeus.
Goddess of War and Violence, she is called the daughter, mother and sister of
Ares. She is pictured covered in blood and striking poses of violence.
Goddess of the Dawn, she is the sister of Selene and Helios and the mother of the four winds.
One of the Titans. Brother of Promethus, his name means 'afterthought'. He is a dull and stupid Titan. Accepted
the gift of Pandora's Box from Zeus, allowing evil to enter the world.
One of the Muses. Muse of love poetry and mimicry. She is often pictured with a lyre in hand and wearing
a crown of roses.
The God of the Primordial Darkness. He was the father of many gods, including
Charon, Thanatos, and Hypnos.
Goddess of Discord. Daughter of Zeus and Hera. She was a frequent companion of her brother Ares in battle,
bringing her son Strife along.
God of Love and Romance and the son of Aphrodite. He is often pictured blindfolded (love is blind) and uses
darts or arrows to inspire either insurmountable disinterest or uncontrolable love in his mortal victims for the first person
they see after being darted.
God of the East Wind.
One of the Muses. The Muse of music. Often pictured with a flute or other musical
The triple goddesses of fate and destiny, they have the task of determining the lifespan and events of mortals
(and possibly the gods).
The Fates are: Clotho, the spinner of the thread of life, Lachesis, the measurer,
who chooses one's lot in life and determines how long that life will be, and Atropos, the cutter who snips the thread of life,
leading, of course, to death. There is some evidence that the Fates are older than the gods and control their destinies as
well. Not even the most powerful is willing to triffle with them.
Also known as the Erinnyes. The carriers of divine justice, the Furies pursue
wrongdoers relentlessly, until the guilty is dead, often driving their victims to suicide. They are particularly concerned
with matricide. The Furies are: Tisiphone, Megaera, and Alecto. The Erinnyes came from the blood of Uranus when he was castrated.
Earth goddess and mother of the Titans. She mated with Uranus, her son, to produce the race of Titans.
Goddesses of Gracefulness and Charm, they are beautiful and elegant. They are the daughters of Zeus with
Eurynome. They are attendants of Aphrodite. They are: Aglaea (splendor), Euphrosyne (mirth) and Thalia (good cheer).
One of the Olympian Gods. God of the Dead and the Underworld, and brother of Zeus. Hades rules the realm
of the dead, and also is considered the God of Wealth. He is jealous and uncaring, constantly trying to increase the number
of subjects under his rule and disinclined to allow any of them to leave. His wife is Persephone, whom he abducted.
Goddess of Youth. Cupberaer to the Gods, she served nectar and ambrosia. She is the daughter of Zeus and
Hera. Personification of eternal youth. She became Heracles wife and with him produced Alexiares and Anicerus.
The Goddess of Hidden Wisdom, Witchcraft and the Crossroads. Also Goddess of the Moon, the Underworld and
Magic. She is the protector of the occult, and hidden knowledge and the wisdom that comes with age. Originally a Thracian
Goddess, she has at times been described as the daughter of the Titans Perses and Asteria, and later the Olympian Gods Zeus
and Hera, although she is pre-olympian. She dwells in the underworld although her powers extend beyond it to the earth. She
is the protectress of witches, flocks and sailors. A triple goddess, she is seen as three female figures or as one with three
heads, that of a horse, dog and boar. At other times she is pictured as a single woman, dressed in dark clothing with her
hounds. Said to roam during the new moon, and to roam graveyards and the scenes of crimes as Goddess of Expiation and Purification.
Offerings of food made to her were taken to crossroads at the full moons. Her trees are the yew and the willow. She brings
creative inspiration. Her symbol is the torch. Her festival is August 13. Her gems are the star sapphire, moonstone, pearl
and quartz. Her plants are the cypress, opium poppy, almond, mugwort, hazel, moonwort, and ranunculus. Her perfumes are myrrh,
civet, camphor, and aloes.
God of the Sun and brother of Selene and Eos. The personification of the sun. He later came to be overshadowed
by Apollo, Lord of the Sun.
Goddess of the Day. Daughter of Erebus and Nyx, who were the children of Chaos.
One of the Olympic Gods. God of Fire and the Forge, he is the Patron of smiths
and weavers. He is the smith to the Gods of Olympus. He is physically ugly as well as lame, but exhibits a gentle and loving
nature. Married to Aphrodite, Goddess of Love. Son of Zeus and Hera.
One of the Olympian Gods. Wife of Zeus and his sister. The Queen of the Gods. Hera was the protector of
Marriage and the Patron of all married women. Her symbols are the peacock, the pomegranate and the city of Argos. Mother of Hebe and Hephaestus. Her gems are the star sapphire and the pearl. Her plants are the cypress and
opium poppy. Her metal silver. Her perfumes are myrrh and civet.
One of the Olympic Gods. God of Commerce, Thieves and Messengers. Son of Zeus with Maia, one of the The
Pleiades. He is the swiftest and cleverest of the Gods. Messenger of Zeus, it is also Hermes job to escort the newly dead
to the gates of the Underworld. Often pictured as a youth wearing winged sandals, a winged helm, and carrying a rod.
God of the Evening Star.
One of the Olympic Gods. Goddess of the Hearth and Home. Zeus' sister. She was also a patron of childbirth
and new born children were introduced to her before they were received by the family. Hestia is a virgin goddess.
Goddess of Health, closely identified with the worship of Asclepius.
One of the Titans. God of Light. Married Theira, and produced Helius (the sun),
Selene (the moon) and Eos (the dawn).
God of sleep. Twin brother of Thanatos God of Death. Seen as a youth with wings at his temples or a bearded
man with wings on his back.
Iris Goddess of the Rainbow. The personification of the rainbow. Messenger of the gods to
humankind, particularly messages from Zeus and Hera. Devoted to Hera, acted as her ladies maid. Daughter of Thaumas, the son
of Gaia and a titan, with the marine nymph Electra. She is portrayed as a young woman with wings and her attributes are a
herald's staff and a water pitcherShe travels between earth and heaven on the rainbow. Wife of Zephyrus, the West Wind.
Goddess of the Moon. Identified with the Goddess Selene. She is the daughter of the titans Coeus and Phoebe.
She is the mother of the divine twins, Artemis and Apollo with Zeus. Her sacred tree is the palm.
Melpomene One of the
Muses. The muse of tragedy. She is represented by the tragic mask of Greek theater. Often pictured with garland, a club and
One of the Titans. Goddess of Wisdom, Counsel and Knowledge. Daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. She caused
Cronus to regurgitate all of his children he had previously swallowed by giving him a draught at Zeus's urging. Her planet
is Mercury. First wife of Zeus. When she was pregnant with Athena Zeus swallowed her. It is said she is still advisor to Zeus
from his stomach. She was the mother of Athena who was born from Zeus's head.
One of the Titans. Goddess of Memory. Daughter of Uranus and Gaia. She was the
mother of the nine Muses born after spending nine nights with Zeus, her nephew.
The Fates. Daughters of Zeus and Themis. The three were: Clotho, spinner of the thread of life; Lachesis,
the element of chance; and Atropos, who finally cut the thread. They have the gift of prophesy. They were invoked at weddings
to ensure a happy union. Their decisions were carried out by Keres.
Goddesses of the arts and sciences, the Muses provided divine inspiration to
mortals who engaged in their pursuits. Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne. All nine muses had a particular area of expertise,
and they served as the inspiration and protector of that particular area. The Muses are: Calliope-Epic Poetry and Eloquence,
Clio-History, Erato-Love Poetry, Euterpe-Flute Playing, Melpomene-Tragedy, Polyhymnia-Mimic Art, Terpsichore-Dance, Thalia-Comedy,
and Urania-Astronomy. Of the nine, Calliope was preemminent. They dwelt on Helicon, a high mountain.
Goddess of Vengance and Divine Justice. She assists those who are wronged and
pursues mortals who defy the natural order of things. She punished mortals who offended the moral law or broke taboos. She
is seen as a stern woman carrying a whip, scale, or wheel. Her sacred animal is the deer. Her festival is August 23.
Goddess of Victory. Daughter of Pallas and Styx. Pictured as a winged woman in flowing robes carrying a
palm branch. Her gem is the emerald. Her plant the rose. Her animal the lynx. Her perfumes are rose, benzoin, and red sandalwood.
God of the South Wind.
Goddess of Night and the Darkness. Daughter of Chaos and Erebus. She is the mother of many, including Thanatos,
Hypnos, the Fates and Charon.
One of the Titans. God of the Waters, and ruler of the unending stream of water
encircling the world. With his wife Tethys, he fathered the rivers and the ocean nymphs.
God of Herds and Flocks, Sex and Debauchery. He is the son of Hermes. Pan is
seen as a man with the horns, legs and midriff of a goat. He plays the pipes which bear his name beautifully. He is the god
of carnality, sexuality and desire, as he constantly chases nymphs through the forest with little success due to his unattractive
appearance. He was often pictured carrying a pine branch or with a crown of pine cones and often carries his pipes.
Goddess of the Underworld. Rules with her husband Hades. Daughter of Demeter. Hades abducted her and her
mother Demeter searched the earth for her. After Demeter located her an agreement was reached whereby, since she had eaten
three seeds of a pomegranate while in the Underworld, Persephone spends three months in the underworld and the rest of the
year above ground. The 9 months she is above are Spring, Summer and Fall when her mother Demeter is happy and the earth is
bathed in warmth and growth. The other 3 months are winter when Demeter grieves for her loss and misses Persephone. Her sacred
tree is the willow. Her gem is quartz. Her plants are the lily and ivy. Her perfume is Dittany of Crete.
Goddess of Fame and Messages. She is pictured as a gentle youth with a trumpet.
One of the Titans. Goddess of the Moon. She was the mother of the goddess Leto.
God of the Morning Star.
One of the Muses. She is the Muse of sacred music and geometry. She is often seen with a pensive look on
her face or veiled.
Poseidon One of the Olympic Gods. God of the Sea. Brother of Zeus. After the overthrough of their
father Cronus he, Zeus and Hades drew lots to see who would rule which realm. Poseidon became Lord of the Seas. He married
Amphitirite, Goddess of the Sea and granddaughter of Oceanus.
is second only to Zeus among the Olympic Gods. His weapon is the trident and
he is often pictured with a flowing beard and hair, and a crown of sea creatures.
One of the Titans. He could fortell the future. In the battle between Zeus and Cronus, Promethus deserted
the other Titans and fought on Zeus' side. He is the protector and benefactor of mankind, giving us the gifts of farming and
One of the Titans. Goddess of Fertility. Daughter of Gaia and Uranus. Wife of Cronus, her brother. Having
overthrown his own father, Cronos swallowed each of his children with Rhea. Rhea saved Zeus from being swallowed by tricking
Cronus into swallowing a rock. Later she helped Zeus to slay Cronus and send him to Tartarus. Mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon,
Hestia, Demeter and Hera. Her gems are the star sapphire and the pearl. Her plants are the cypress and opium poppy. Her metal
is silver. Her perfumes are myrrh and civet.
Goddess of the Moon. Daughter of Hyperion and Theia. Sister of Helios and Eos. She later came to be identified
One of the Muses. The Muse of dancing. Often pictured in midstep with her lyre.
One of the Titans. Daughter of Uranus and Gaia. Oceanus' wife and sister. Mother of the rivers and the ocean
nymphs, altogether 3000 sons and 3000 daughters.
Goddess of the Sea. She is the personification of the sea. Daughter of Hemera and Aether.
One of the Muses. Muse of Comedy and lighthearted music and poetry. She is often portrayed with the comedy
mask of Greek theater, or with a crown of ivy and a crook.
God of Death. His twin brother Hypnos is God of Sleep. He was death personified and brought about the actual
death of mortals, who then went to the Underworld.
One of the Titans. Goddess of Justice, Sound Counsel and Order. Daughter of Uranus and Gaia. Married first
to her brother Iapetus. Mother with him of Atlas and Prometheus. Zeus's second wife and advisor still. She is the mother of
the Horae or Seasons; Eirene-Peace; Eunomia-Wise Legislation; Dike-Justice; and the Fates or Moerae. Her planet is Jupiter.
One of the Titans. Goddess of Fortune, Chance and Prosperity. Daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. She is shown
with a cornucopia, rudder of destiny and wheel of fortune.
One of the Muses. Muse of astronomy. She is shown with a crown of stars or a staff pointed at a celestial
globe. She fortells the future from the position of the stars.
The Sky God and original ruler. He is both the son and husband of Gaea-The Earth,
and together they produced the Titans. Cronus, one of his sons, defeated him and became ruler.
God of the West Wind.
One of the Olympian Gods. God of the sky, rain, lightning and thunder, and the
supreme ruler of the Olympian Gods. Zeus is shown as a mature, robust, man with thick, dark, wavy hair and a beard. He wears
a long robe which bares his chest and left arm. Zeus generally holds or is seen with his thunderbolt and an eagle. His color
is imperial purple and his planet is Jupiter. He is the father of a number of deities with Goddesses and mortals. He was previously
married to Metis, Goddess of Wisdom, whom he swallowed while pregnant with their first child. He then married Themis, Goddess
of the law with whom he had a number of children, including: the Horae or Seasons; Eirene-Peace; Eunomia-Wise Legislation;
Dike-Justice; and the Fates or Moerae. He and Themis separated, but she remains one of his advisors. Then he married Hera,
Goddess of Marriage. Zeus had a number of liasons in addition to his marriages as well.